Ben Shahn, by Terry Grant

Several weeks ago I was trying to remember the name of an artist and the name of Ben Shahn came into my head. It was not the artist I was trying to remember, but I suddenly remembered once loving Shahn’s work, though I hadn’t thought about him for years. That set me off on a search for images. I thought you all might enjoy a little glimpse of the work of Ben Shahn.

Portrait of myself when young

That’s him, standing way back there. The painting is Portrait of myself as a young boy.

Ben Shahn was born in Lithuania in 1898 and his family emigrated to the US in 1904. He worked as a lithographer’s apprentice while he studied at night at New York University and the National Academy of Design. He was considered a Social Realist when he began painting. Much of his work was based on the news and issues of the day, in the ’20s. One of his most recognizable works concerns the murder trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, which many people believed to be prejudiced due to anti-Italian biases of the judge and jury.

The passion of Sacco and Vanzetti

The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti

blind_accordion_player.jpg

Blind Accordian Player

vacant_lot.jpg

Vacant Lot

handball.jpg

Handball

Shahn’s work seems to me very evocative of the periods of the ’20s, ’30s, ’40s and his New York City location. There is a grimness about it, even subjects like the musicians and the handball players have a weary sadness about them.

Showing quite a different side was Shahn’s work as an illustrator and graphic artist, but it too seems to retain that sense of starkness that you see in his paintings. His sense of line and graphic expression is wonderfully spare.

1101660513_400.jpg

shahn1.jpg

woodcut-illustration.jpg

supermarket.jpg

There is a documentary about Shahn called “A Passion for Justice.” I have not seen the film, but found a lot of interesting information and good images at this web site about the film.

I’ll leave you with this quote from Ben Shahn:

“What then was I to paint? Slowly I found that I must paint those things that were meaningful to me–that I could honestly paint in the shapes and colors I felt belonged to them. What shall I paint? Stories.”

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8 Responses to “Ben Shahn, by Terry Grant”


  1. 1 Finola Gill August 28, 2013 at 8:35 am

    I am looking for a picture by Ben Shahn called ‘The First Commandment’ and I can’t find it anywhere. Any ideas?

  2. 2 Irene Angelico January 9, 2011 at 6:40 am

    Hi Terry,

    This is a wonderful collection Thank you. Ben Shan is also one of all time favorites. I am moved by his art and his humanity.

    I came across your site because I am looking for a present day Ben Shan to illustrate a Haggadah for Yom HaShoah (the Holocaust) which we are publishing. Have you anyone to suggest?

    All the best,

    Irene

  3. 3 June September 6, 2007 at 8:53 am

    Terry,

    Shahn’s compositional style is fascinating. His imagery is always a little off-base, not quite in balance. In “Portrait” the little boy has to carry the weight of the band, and of course, he doew — your eye goes instantly to him. In Sacco and Vanzetti, the long thin ratio lenght to width of the work puts the caskets at the very bottom of the painting and one’s eye is drawn to the smug “sanctimonious judge” at the top. The composition is crucial to meaning.

    And in the Handball, the middle of the canvas is a complete blank, except for the lovely mottled colors of the wall (likewise Vacant Lot). If you’ve ever played handball or racquet ball, there is that almost awful blankness of the wall, out of which the zooming line of the ball comes back at you (in rqacquetball, I was always a little afraid of the ball — it could really hurt when it hit your flesh). I too see this as a metaphor, a kind of sadness, perhaps, but even more, the insurmountable odds against which the players are working — the great blank wall. It’s like “The Passion” — Sacco and Vanzetti against the implacable walls of the establishment, which put them to death unjustly.

    I think this is what I mean when I talk about making the work “meaningful” — that the compositional elements here make a statement and they make it against our usual expectations of “good” composition.

    What do the rest of you think about the way Shahn establishes meaning in his work?

  4. 4 cheri sheridan September 2, 2007 at 8:27 am

    Thank you Terry for sharing the work of Ben Shan, one of my all time favorite artists. I went to college in Buffalo, NY in the 1960’s. Our music 101 teacher was the coral director of the Presbyterian Church on Deleware Avenue so I attended church there. The Jewish temple was across the street and it burned so badly that it had to be torn down and rebuilt. The Presbyterian minister asked the Jewish fellowship if they would like to used the church for their temple until the new one was rebuilt…they accepted and when the new temple reopened we were asked to have a serivce there as a thnk you. The new structure was awesome with concrete shell shaped walls and the 10 Commandment pillars and the stained glass windows..all designed by Ben Shahn! What an art lesson that was.

    Later in the 1960’s I was asked to go to a Syracuse Univ. foolball game that would star Larry Czonka….a great guy, I’m sure, but not a big draw for me! But on the way to the dome while walking across campus we walked past a mosiac that was in disrepair of the Sacco and Vanzetti picture that you showed. There was a little gentleman it a tweed cap and jacket there repairing this beautiful piece of social commentary. We stopped to watch him for a while and I told the person I was with [the SU sports fan] all about the story behind it and everything I was pleased to know about the artist, Ben Shan and his work! The gentleman repairing the mosiac never turned around…he just kept working. The next day in the newspaper, there was a photo of the mosiac being repaired by no other than Ben Shan himself! Thanks for the memory!

  5. 5 joan August 30, 2007 at 8:54 am

    Thank you for a wonderful post. Your comment about the shopping carts is perfect. I keep coming back to look at that image.

  6. 6 terrygrant August 30, 2007 at 8:07 am

    There is so much to see and learn about Shahn. Thanks, Eileen, for some additional information. I love Shahn’s graphic work, especially the stark black and white. Here is a link to a poster he did also about Sacco and Vanzetti, using Vanzetti’s words. Very poignant. http://www.assumption.edu/users/McClymer/his394/sacco%20and%20%20vanzetti/default.html

    The supermarket baskets were a 1957 serigraph.They reminded me of the kind of little drawings you see in the New Yorker magazine filling space at the bottom of columns. Little scenes of ordinary life, but through the eyes of an artist who makes a genuine celebration of line and form.

  7. 7 eileen doughty August 30, 2007 at 7:47 am

    A fascinating array of work. I like the backgrounds in each painting and how they contribute to the mood, the story, the composition.

    The Sacco and Vanzetti painting rang a bell, and i looked it up in my trusty art history textbook. there is a brief entry on Shahn. he came to the US in 1906 from Lithuania, and initially he was a lithographer. (perhaps that influenced his painting compositions, which seem to have strong lines?) Eventually he broadened out to painting, photography and murals. “He focused on the lives of ordinary people and the injustices often done to them by the structure of an impersonal society.”

    The Sacco and Vanzetti trial and execution inspired him to do a series of 23 paintings and prints; he felt he was “living through another crucifixion” (perhaps why the word Passion is used in the title of the well-known painting Terry included above). The three men are the commissioners who declared the trial was fair; Shahn mocks them as mourners. The man in the picture in the background is the judge, portrayed as sanctimonious and distant.

    Now, where did those fun shopping carts come from?!

  8. 8 Margaret Cooter August 30, 2007 at 4:44 am

    Thanks for introducing this artist – I misread “social realism” as “socialist realism”, which brings paintings of Russian wheat harvests etc etc to mind, so Shahn’s work was a pleasant surprise. The first picture shown brought L S Lowry to mind, perhaps because of the factory building and the black figures – and also a certain sadness that makes its way into Lowry’s paintings.


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